Tag Archives: Contacts

COVID-19 Contact Tracing | CDC

>After COVID-19 Contact Tracing Comes Quarantine. Here’s How That Works : Shots – Health News : NPR

Contact tracing is key to slowing the spread of COVID-19 and helps keep you, your family, and your community safe.

Full CDC site on contact tracing at Source: >COVID-19 Contact Tracing | CDC

“Contact tracing is used by health departments to prevent the spread of infectious disease. In general, contact tracing involves identifying people who have an infectious disease (cases) and people who they came in contact with (contacts) and working with them to interrupt disease spread. This includes asking people with COVID-19 to >isolate and their contacts to >quarantine at home voluntarily.

“To prevent the further spread of disease, people who had contact with someone with COVID-19 are encouraged to stay home and maintain social distance (at least 6 feet) from others until 14 days after their last exposure to a person with COVID-19. Contacts should monitor themselves by checking their temperature twice daily and watching for symptoms of COVID-19.

If you are diagnosed with COVID-19, a public health worker may call you to check-in on your health, discuss who you’ve been in contact with, and ask where you spent time while you may have been infectious and able to spread COVID-19 to others. You will also be asked to stay at home and >self-isolate, if you are not doing so already.

Continue at CDC source link above for full details.

Germany’s Contact Tracers Have Been Vital To The Country’s COVID-19 Fight : NPR

>After COVID-19 Contact Tracing Comes Quarantine. Here’s How That Works : Shots – Health News : NPR

Germany’s Contact Tracers Have Been Vital To The Country’s COVID-19 Fight

3 Minute podcast and full story at Source: >Germany’s Contact Tracers Have Been Vital To The Country’s COVID-19 Fight : NPR

“Since the very start of the pandemic Germany has had armies of tracers following the contacts of every confirmed coronavirus case, keeping the number of deaths there relatively low. Germany has had notable success in slowing the spread of the coronavirus. One reason for that is contact tracers – armies of tracers.

“There are around 400 call centers … around Germany, each of them filled with dozens of operators. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has prioritized tracking infection chains as the key to slowing the spread of COVID-19, and she aims for the country to have one tracer per 4,000 people. That’s 20,000 tracers for Germany’s population of 83 million. Dr. Uwe Peters, director of the Pankow District Health Authority, says when the pandemic hit, he scrambled to hire more tracers, quickly doubling his office’s staff.

Tracer Claudia Krummacher says if anyone on the list had contact with the infected person for more than 15 minutes within 6 feet in distance, they’re put under a state-mandated quarantine, monitored and, if necessary, tested. And if they’re positive, the whole tracing cycle begins again. Krummacher helps manage the tracing call center in Pankow. She says at the height of the pandemic, it seemed like the work would never end. Her office would occasionally have a case of an infected school teacher, which meant they had to talk to the parents of hundreds of students, asking the same questions over and over.

 

Big WHO Mixup: Asymptomatic Vs Presymptomatic: How The Virus Spreads : NPR

“Scientists at the World Health Organization were having a virtual press conference, a normal thing they do, just giving updates on the virus and how it’s moving around the world. And then something kind of confusing happens.

10 minute podcast and read full transcript of podcast at Source: >Asymptomatic Vs Presymptomatic: How The Virus Spreads : Short Wave : NPR

“Maria Van Kerkhove, who’s one of WHO’s top epidemiologists…

“listening to Van Kerkhove, you’d think – well, why did we lock down? Why do we wear masks? She left listeners with the impression that anyone without symptoms had a low chance of spreading the virus. And that’s wrong. We know – and there’s documented evidence for this – that the virus can be spread by people without symptoms.

“So this statement was reported on by news outlets. You know, the WHO is a major global health organization. What they say matters. And that scientist, Maria Van Kerkhove had to kind of walk this back.

“There was a lot of reaction and pressure from researchers and the public. People were saying that it was confusing at best or actually wrong at worst.

this mix-up with the WHO was partly about a distinction between asymptomatic people and what scientists are calling pre-symptomatic people.

“Asymptomatic, which is the group that Van Kerkhove was referring to, these are coronavirus carriers who are infected but they never end up showing any symptoms. They feel fine the whole time. And then there’s another group called pre-symptomatic. And these are people who’ve been infected. They haven’t gotten sick yet, but they will. And they can definitely spread the virus, we think, up to three days before they start showing symptoms. There’s plenty of evidence for this.

“But here’s the catch. You can’t tell if someone is asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic until one of them starts showing symptoms. And even if there are asymptomatic people out there that seem to be transmitting the virus less, there are documented cases where it’s happened. So what Van Kerkhove says she meant to say is that she has not seen evidence that people who are truly asymptomatic are out there effectively spreading the virus to a lot of other people.

“if you’re not actively sick, if you’re not running your nose everywhere – spreading coronavirus seems to require situations where people are hanging out really close together, mostly indoors, and doing things that project their voice and breath and spread respiratory droplets. So it’s situations like singing in a choir or panting during a dance class at the gym or shouting to be heard in a nightclub. These are all activities that have reportedly led to virus transmission.

 

After COVID-19 Contact Tracing Comes Quarantine. Here’s How That Works : Shots – Health News : NPR


Public health experts say tracing the close contacts of people infected with the coronavirus and getting them all into quarantine is crucial to stopping the pandemic. That’s easier said than done.

>Self-Quarantine? Isolation? Social Distancing? What They Mean And When To Do Them

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >After COVID-19 Contact Tracing Comes Quarantine. Here’s How That Works : Shots – Health News : NPR

“Contact tracing: What it looks like: Within 24 hours of a positive test, contact tracers reach out to a patient, then trace back two days before symptoms first appeared. They use calendars, social media — anything that can jog a memory. They gather phone numbers, email and physical addresses to track down contacts.

“All of that can take hours. Although each person identified typically has seven or eight contacts, they also can have as many as 100. Co-investigators then interview those contacts to see if they have symptoms and need to be tested.

Tracers also tell each person contacted whether they need to go into isolation (when they have tested positive for the virus or they have COVID-19 symptoms) or quarantine (if they have merely had prolonged contact with someone who has tested positive).

Investigators work to build trust and educate patients on why they need to cooperate. If that doesn’t work, contact tracers may try another approach to help a patient understand why their assistance is needed.

Read much more at source above.

Thousands of New Jobs: ‘We need an army’: Hiring of coronavirus trackers is likely set to soar

>How Contact Tracing Works And How It Can Help Reopen The Country

(I believe there will also be huge opportunities to work from home on the phone and online as part of the contact tracing teams — DH)

“Massachusetts is launching a statewide effort, hiring 1,000 contact tracers in partnership with Partners In Health, an international health nonprofit with experience in the developing world. Qualifications include a high school diploma or equivalent, the ability to speak and write in English, and the “ability to show empathy to distressed individuals.” San Francisco has also been scaling up its contact tracing workforce.

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“K.J. Seung is surprised to be hiring and training new workers in Boston.His public health nonprofit, Partners in Health, specializes in helping the poorest people in developing nations — tracking down contacts of Ebola patients in Liberia and Sierra Leone; running child health and HIV clinics in Haiti; and operating tuberculosis control programs in Peru.

“But now it is advertising for 500 people to help do what’s known as contact tracing to try to control Covid-19 in Massachusetts. It’s the first step in the next stage of fighting the pandemic. Boston-based Partners in Health has trained 12,000 community health workers in countries including Malawi, Mexico, and Rwanda and now it will help train a battalion of workers in Massachusetts to interview everyone diagnosed with Covid-19 and find other people who may have been infected by them.

“New digital tools could help. Combined with more widespread testing, contact tracing is seen as an essential part of the strategy for keeping the coronavirus in check after the first wave recedes and the economy reopens. But the work is highly labor-intensive, and public health departments across the U.S. have been woefully underfunded for years.

“This is going to test the capacity of the existing public health system,” said Marcus Plescia, chief medical officer of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. “I don’t know if we have enough staff in public health departments to do that.” Hence the hiring spree kicking off in Massachusetts and a few other places.Partners in Health is working with state officials in Massachusetts, who say they will eventually deploy nearly 1,000 people to do contact tracing.

Read full story at Source: >’We need an army’: Hiring of coronavirus trackers is likely set to soar