Tag Archives: Communication

Back to Ants? America Trapped in a Pandemic Spiral – The Atlantic

As the U.S. heads toward the winter, the country is going round in circles, making the same conceptual errors that have plagued it since spring.

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >America Is Trapped in a Pandemic Spiral – The Atlantic

Army ants will sometimes walk in circles until they die. The workers navigate by smelling the pheromone trails of workers in front of them, while laying down pheromones for others to follow. If these trails accidentally loop back on themselves, the ants are trapped. They become a thick, swirling vortex of bodies that resembles a hurricane as viewed from space. They march endlessly until they’re felled by exhaustion or dehydration. The ants can sense no picture bigger than what’s immediately ahead. They have no coordinating force to guide them to safety. They are imprisoned by a wall of their own instincts. This phenomenon is called the death spiral. I can think of no better metaphor for the United States of America’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Many Americans trusted intuition to help guide them through this disaster. They grabbed onto whatever solution was most prominent in the moment, and bounced from one (often false) hope to the next. They saw the actions that individual people were taking, and blamed and shamed their neighbors. They lapsed into magical thinking, and believed that the world would return to normal within months. Following these impulses was simpler than navigating a web of solutions, staring down broken systems, and accepting that the pandemic would rage for at least a year.

The country is now trapped in an intuition nightmare: Like the spiraling ants, Americans are walled in by their own unhelpful instincts, which lead them round and round in self-destructive circles. ..Here, then, are nine errors of intuition that still hamstring the U.S. pandemic response, and a glimpse at the future if they continue unchecked.

Continue reading at source link above

LEARN OF ANT'S TEAMWORK – GOD'S HOTSPOT

VIDEO: How To Protect Yourself From Coronavirus That Can Linger In The Air : Goats and Soda : NPR

Scientists say it’s increasingly clear that airborne virus particles help the coronavirus superspread. Here’s what they recommend to reduce the risks.

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >VIDEO: How To Protect Yourself From Coronavirus That Can Linger In The Air : Goats and Soda : NPR

In some settings — especially poorly ventilated indoor rooms where many people are gathering — researchers increasingly believe that clouds of the virus expelled when someone speaks are able to stay aloft in the air and potentially infect people farther away than the recommended 6 feet of social distance.

In these settings, an infectious person shouting or laughing or coughing can release clouds containing the virus that can build up, linger and waft in the air — and then be inhaled by passersby and settle in their lungs.

You limit aerosol transmission by increasing ventilation and increasing air circulation,” says Seema Lakdawala, a flu researcher at University of Pittsburgh, which means opening the windows that surround you and putting fans in them, facing inward, to draw outside air in. That fresh air will scatter any clouds of virus that might exist. That way, you’re less likely to breathe in a big infectious dose.

When you can, move your get-together outside to a location where fresh air is all around you — a backyard, for example. Lakdawala’s neighborhood hosts happy hours, “where everybody brings a lawn chair and we sit on someone’s lawn. Everyone is spatially distanced and brings their own drink.”

Much of this is common knowledge by now, but make sure you wear your mask correctly — making sure that it fits snugly over your nose and mouth while not obstructing your ability to breathe — and that you keep a personal space bubble of at least 6 feet between you and other people.

The mask will catch a lot of the droplets that come out when you speak or laugh or cough — and also block some of other people’s droplets from getting into your nose and mouth.

Continue with full story at source link above.

Why Children Should Wear Face Masks | Duke Health

Superspreading Is A Hallmark Of The Coronavirus : Goats and Soda : NPR

>Superspreader News Last 20 days

That’s the word that one disease researcher uses to describe COVID-19. And now scientists are discovering the reasons that this virus is readily transmitted at “superspreader events.”

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >Superspreading Is A Hallmark Of The Coronavirus : Goats and Soda : NPR

“A person with a high viral load walks into a bar. That, according to researchers who study the novel coronavirus, is a recipe for a superspreading event — where one person or gathering leads to an unusually high number of new infections.

“And that kind of occurrence is increasingly considered a hallmark of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. “There are some really good estimates out there that suggest that between 10% and 20% of cases are responsible for about 80% of transmission events.

“And two of the main reasons, say researchers, are the way this coronavirus spreads and the behavior of infected individuals. A key feature that helps this virus superspread is its ability to transmit through the air in closed indoor settings,

“It appears to spread efficiently from people who don’t yet know they’re sick. Leung says research shows that 40% of coronavirus transmission is taking place before a patient shows symptoms. And people may actually be most contagious the day or two before they start feeling sick.

Viral load actually increases a couple of days before symptoms show up...The virus is spreading from one person’s respiratory tract to another’s — even though the person who’s spreading it may feel totally fine. It may come down to differences in biology, such as how much virus a person sheds in sighs and coughs and sneezes — or even how the virus comes out from the respiratory tract. That’s “bad news,” says Leung, and means that containing the coronavirus requires more intensive interventions than past disease outbreaks like SARS.

“So when a person with a high viral load walks into a crowded bar — one with poor ventilation and where nobody is wearing masks or social distancing — that’s a superspreading cocktail.

Continue with full story at source link above.

Spread Love Not Germs Clipart

 

 

CDC guidance does NOT imply immunity to coronavirus for 3 months. All channels of today’s news snap judged the CDC guidance comments.

What??? I turned on the TV news this morning and they were all happy to state new reports from the CDC that we get 3 months free ride from coronavirus after quarantine!

“The CDC clarified on Friday that people who are infected with the coronavirus are not immune to reinfection in the following three months.

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >CDC guidance does not imply immunity to coronavirus for 3 months

  • “The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention clarified on Friday that its updated quarantine guidance does not imply people who are infected with the coronavirus are immune to reinfection.
  • It was reported in the news about CDC guidelines on quarantining, updated on Aug. 3, (seemed to) indicate that people who were once infected with the coronavirus are protected from reinfection for at least three months afterward.
  • The agency said it simply suggests retesting someone in the following three months after their initial infection is unnecessary unless that person shows symptoms that can’t be associated with another illness.

“Contrary to media reporting today, this science does not imply a person is immune to reinfection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in the 3 months following infection,” the CDC said in a statement.

I think this shows how easy it is for the public (and pundits) who do not carefully, logically approach science and data continually misinterpret the facts.

Continue with full story at source link above.

 

That's My Story & I'm Sticking To It – Usefully Useless Information

 

 

Fauci Says Coronavirus Temperature Checks ‘Notoriously Inaccurate’

>Why Temperature Checks Are ‘Doing More Harm Than Good,’ Doctor Says

>Covid-19 cases could be missed because temperatures are more common in the evening than the morning | Daily Mail Online

>VERIFY: Can being outside impact your temperature? | cbs8.com

>Infrared thermometers may give false fever readings in the summer | wusa9.com

Businesses big and small have been using infrared thermometers to screen patrons for fever, a symptom of Covid-19.

Read full story at Source Link: >Fauci Says Coronavirus Temperature Checks ‘Notoriously Inaccurate’

“We have found at the [National Institutes of Health] that it is much, much better to just question people when they come in and save the time, because the temperatures are notoriously inaccurate many times,” Fauci said.

Prior to Fauci’s comments, measures like temperature screenings—along with spraying disinfectant in public transportation, or walking through hand sanitizer showers—had been criticized as “safety theater,” meaning they are not proven to stem the spread of the virus.

“According to The Atlantic, temperature checks can backfire because not everyone who has the coronavirus will have fever as a symptom, so contagious people could be cleared to enter a business or other space where they could infect more people.

Continue with full story at source link above.

Study identifies six different “types” of COVID-19 – CBS News

>The new, weird symptoms associated with Covid-19 – Daily Nation

The six categories are defined by different clusters of symptoms, and some patients in some groups are much more likely to need ventilators.

Full story of excerpts at Source Link: >Study identifies six different “types” of COVID-19 – CBS News

“A new study of COVID-19, based on data from a symptom tracker app, determined that there are six distinct “types” of the disease involving different clusters of symptoms. The discovery could potentially open new possibilities for how doctors can better treat individual patients and predict what level of hospital care they would need.

“The six clusters of symptoms outlined in the study are:

Flu-like with no fever: Headache, loss of smell, muscle pains, cough, sore throat, chest pain, no fever.

Flu-like with fever: Headache, loss of smell, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, fever, loss of appetite.

Gastrointestinal: Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, diarrhea, sore throat, chest pain, no cough.

Severe level one, fatigue: Headache, loss of smell, cough, fever, hoarseness, chest pain, fatigue.

Severe level two, confusion: Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain.

Severe level three, abdominal and respiratory: Headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain, shortness of breath, diarrhea, abdominal pain.

“The first level, “flu-like with no fever,” is associated with headaches, loss of smell, muscle pains, cough, sore throat and chest pain. Patients at this level have a 1.5% chance of needing breathing support such as oxygen or a ventilator.

“The most severe type of COVID-19 is referred to as “severe level three, abdominal and respiratory,” and has all the above symptoms along with abdominal pain, shortness of breath and diarrhea. Nearly 20% of these patients need breathing support.

“Those are the severe level threes who wind up on a ventilator, and then it is touch-and-go as to whether they survive the infection entirely. Patients in the severe clusters also tended to be older or with pre-exisiting conditions and weakened immune systems, compared to those in the first three. 

“Scientists hope the discovery, once further studied, could help predict what types of care patients with COVID-19 might need, and give doctors the ability to predict which patients would fall into which category.

Continue reading full story at source link above.

Amazing Wisdom Quote ~ Knowledge comes from learning ...

 

How To Politely Ask Someone To Follow COVID-19 Guidelines : Life Kit : NPR

How do you tell a stranger to be better at social distancing? What do you do when a backyard gathering suddenly has one too many unmasked guests? This episode walks through the new rules of etiquette during COVID-19.

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >How To Politely Ask Someone To Follow COVID-19 Guidelines : Life Kit : NPR

“Although we are living through a pandemic, says Swann, people still want to treat each other with kindness and respect — and “conduct themselves so that they’re not offending others, not hurting other people’s feelings.”

Questions answered in source link above:

1. How do I tell somebody — especially a stranger — to step back because that person is just too close to me?

2. What if I ask a person to keep their distance or put on their mask — and they say no?

3. It makes my blood boil when I see people not following the pandemic guidelines. Can I intervene?

4. What if I’m at a socially distanced outdoor gathering and, after a few hours, people start to bend the rules a little bit?

5. A friend invited me to hang out. How do I know whether it’s safe to do so? We might not be on the same page with the pandemic protocols.

6. BONUS ADVICE: What the heck do I do with my mask at a socially distanced meal?

>A Pocket Guide to COVID-19 Etiquette With Elaine Swann

Watch Out for Little Superspreaders. Children May Carry Coronavirus at High Levels, Study Finds – The New York Times

>Risk of COVID-19 for kids: “The science is constantly evolving,” doctors say – CBS News

>97,000 children reportedly test positive for COVID-19 as schools gear up for instruction – CBS News

>Black And Hispanic Children At Risk For ‘Severe’ COVID-19 Symptoms, CDC Finds : NPR

Continue reading from excerpts below at source: >Children May Carry Coronavirus at High Levels, Study Finds

“Infected children have at least as much of the coronavirus in their noses and throats as infected adults, according to the research. Indeed, children younger than age 5 may host up to 100 times as much of the virus in the upper respiratory tract as adults, the authors found.” (And its hard to keep them wearing masks)

“But one takeaway from this is that we can’t assume that just because kids aren’t getting sick, or very sick, that they don’t have the virus…experts were alarmed to learn that young children may carry significant amounts of the coronavirus.

The results are consistent with those from a German study of 47 infected children between the ages 1 and 11, which showed that children who did not have symptoms had viral loads as high as adults’, or higher. And a recent study from France found that asymptomatic children had C.T. values similar to those of children with symptoms. C.T. values are a reasonable proxy for the amount of coronavirus present, said Dr. Kindrachuk, who relied on this metric during the Ebola outbreaks in West Africa.

Continue full story at source link above.

An Inspiring List of Kindness Quotes For Kids » AllWording.com

 

 

Dr. Fauci says all the ‘valid’ scientific data shows hydroxychloroquine isn’t effective in treating coronavirus

Science and Pseudoscience duke it out in this video, wait for the end to understand the difference and the hydroxychloroquine runaway train crash movement.

>Ohio Bans Hydroxychloroquine For Coronavirus Treatment as State Records One of Highest Days for New Cases

>You Must Not ‘Do Your Own Research’ When It Comes To Science

>Still no evidence that hydroxychloroquine can cure or prevent COVID-19

>2005 chloroquine study had nothing to do with COVID-19 and the drug wasn’t given to humans

Read full story of excerpts below at Source: >Dr. Fauci says all the ‘valid’ scientific data shows hydroxychloroquine isn’t effective in treating coronavirus

  • White House coronavirus advisor Dr. Anthony Fauci said that all the “valid” scientific data shows hydroxychloroquine isn’t effective in treating Covid-19.
  • Fauci said that the public has “got to follow the science,” adding, “if a study that’s good comes out and shows efficacy and safety for hydroxychloroquine or any other drug that we do … you accept the scientific data.”

“You look at the scientific data and the evidence. And the scientific data … on trials that are valid, that were randomized and controlled in the proper way, all of those trials show consistently that hydroxychloroquine is not effective in the treatment of coronavirus disease or Covid-19…

There are no FDA-approved drugs for the coronavirus. The agency granted emergency authorization to antiviral drug remdesivir to treat Covid-19, but it’s not the same as a formal approval. Last month, the FDA pulled hydroxychloroquine’s authorization for emergency use after determining it was “unlikely” to be effective in treating people with Covid-19.

Top 10 Inspirational Quotes of Famous Scientist Dr. Albert ...

Covid-19 can be a prolonged illness, even for young adults, CDC report says – CNN

Covid-19 can be a prolonged illness, even for young adults, CDC report says

>I can’t shake Covid-19: Warnings from young survivors still suffering

Full story of excerpts below at Source: >Covid-19 can be a prolonged illness, even for young adults, CDC report says – CNN

“(CNN) Covid-19 can be a prolonged illness, even among young adults without underlying chronic medical conditions, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Friday. Thirty-five percent of those surveyed by the agency said they still weren’t back to their usual good health even two to three weeks after testing positive for the disease.

“Earlier studies have shown that hospitalized patients can have lengthy recovery times. One survey of patients in Italy done two months after they became ill, found that more than 87% still had at least one symptom and more than half said they still had three or more symptoms.

“Some doctors have expressed concern that the symptoms could linger for years and some may never fully recover. There are studies underway to gauge the long-term effects and some clinics have started to set up programs that help people with long-term Covid-19 symptoms.

“The authors of the new CDC study argue that public health leaders need to remind people who may not take Covid-19 seriously that even younger, healthier adults who get a milder form of the disease can have symptoms for weeks.

“Courage does not always roar. Sometimes courage is the quiet voice at the end of the day saying, ‘I will try again tomorrow.” – Mary Anne Radmacher

Lion, Statue, Sculpture, Monument, Predator, Courage

 

Covid-19 Patients No Longer Need Tests to End Isolation – The New York Times

“Under new guidelines from the C.D.C., recovering coronavirus patients should be free to resume normal activity after 10 days, if they have no fever or other symptoms.

Continue full story of excerpts below at source >Covid-19 Patients No Longer Need Tests to End Isolation

“Most Americans recovering from Covid-19 can come out of isolation without further testing to show they no longer carry the coronavirus, federal health officials said on Wednesday. Instead, patients may be judged to have recovered if 10 days have passed since they first felt ill; they no longer have any symptoms, such as shortness of breath or diarrhea; and they have not had a fever for 24 hours without taking fever-reducing medicine.

The new recommendations are not rules but guidelines intended for patients, doctors and health policymakers. The revisions should help relieve the burden on the country’s testing system, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

Continue full story at link above.

“We’re all islands shouting lies to each other across seas of misunderstanding.”
― Rudyard Kipling, The Light That Failed

National Park Getaway: Virgin Islands National Park (U.S. National ...

Growing Body Of Evidence Suggests Masks Protect Those Wearing Them, Too : NPR

>A User’s Guide To Masks: What Types Offer The Best Protection? NPR

>Bioethicist On Libertarian Views Toward Face Mask Laws

“NPR’s Ailsa Chang talks with Dr. Monica Gandhi of the University of California, San Francisco, about growing evidence that masks help lower the severity of the coronavirus for those who wear them.

Full story of excerpts below at source: >Growing Body Of Evidence Suggests Masks Protect Those Wearing Them, Too : NPR

“…they really are protective of you as an individual. And sort of putting it all together, it really is that the less virus that you get in, the less sick you’re likely to be. So not only do masks protect you – and we’ve seen from getting the virus and altogether.

“And that’s been seen in hamster studies. That’s been seen in a health care worker study that was just published last week in JAMA. But if you do get the virus in, you get very little in. And you’re likely to get what’s called an asymptomatic infection or not have any symptoms at all and – or a very mild infection.

it really looks like any country that has adopted universal mask wearing – and many, many countries have – even as they open up and they’re seeing each other more and there’s more cases, it has led to much, much fewer deaths or severe illness. So the idea about this virus is it’s completely bizarre how it can cause no symptoms in some people and very, very severe symptoms in others…even in settings where there are outbreaks but everyone masked, there’s, like, a 95% rate of not having symptoms at all

Continue full story at source link above.

“The “Boxes” are the walls in your mind.” — Pearl Zhu

NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Black Canyon of The Gunnison National Park ...

Face Shields and Coronavirus Spread 

“While surgical and cloth face masks have been the standard choice amid the pandemic thus far, plastic face shields have started to rise in popularity.

Full Story of excerpts below at Source: >Are Face Shields or Face Masks More Effective at Preventing Coronavirus Spread? | PEOPLE.com

“When asked whether they work as well as more traditional face masks, Dr. David Edwards of Harvard University tells PEOPLE that there are “pros and cons” to the plastic coverings. Although they’re “particularly effective” at preventing large airborne respiratory droplets — which could result from a person nearby coughing or sneezing — they don’t do as good of a job with blocking smaller particles, as face shields don’t completely seal off the face. With smaller particles, they don’t travel like bullets, they hover in the air and below that face shield you’re still breathing in that air,” Edwards says.

“However, while face shields can be helpful, and certainly won’t hurt individuals who choose to use them, Edwards still recommends wearing masks — either alone, or in conjunction with the plastic coverings.

Continue full story at source link above.

>Popular Face Shield on Amazon

ArtToFrames SH-G-CLEAR-2-2 Clear This is a face Shield, 2 Pack, 2 Count

 

 

Covid-19 cases by age: Why more young people are getting sick – Vox

Mixed public health messages and misunderstandings of risk haven’t helped.

Full Story at Source: >Covid-19 cases by age: Why more young people are getting sick – Vox

“Nationwide, “the average age of people getting infected is now a decade and a half younger than it was a few months ago,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in a July 6 press briefing.

This seems to already be happening, with assisted living facility cases climbing in Houston and Phoenix, as well as in Florida now. “We first see it in the community, and then we see it in the residents and staff, and then you see the deaths,” David Grabowski, a health care policy expert at Harvard Medical School, told the Wall Street Journal.

“A higher percentage of young people — and a lower percentage of elderly people — getting infected could seem like a good thing. For one, it should mean fewer deaths. It also should mean less strain on the health care system and its workers. But in the states with larger outbreaks, including Arizona and Texas, hospitals are already getting overwhelmed with young and old alike.

“The social isolation of shutdowns also seems to be taking a much higher psychological toll on younger than older adults, and is potentially driving them to gather in risky indoor settings. A CDC study in May found that nearly half of all 18- to 29-year-olds surveyed had been feeling at least some symptoms of anxiety or depression — a higher proportion than for other age groups (which was closer to one-third for those 30 to 59). (The CDC now also offers specific guidance for teens and young adults who might be struggling.)

Read much more at source link above.

“It is only when I am alone that I really feel connected to the entire universe.”
― Nurudeen Ushawu

The wonderful mountain skyline of Austria, partly hidden in clouds and mist.

EPA approves first surface disinfectant products tested on the SARS-CoV-2 virus | U.S. EPA News Releases | US EPA

“EPA News Release: EPA approves first surface disinfectant products tested on the SARS-CoV-2 virus

Full press release at Source: >EPA approves first surface disinfectant products tested on the SARS-CoV-2 virus | U.S. EPA News Releases | US EPA

EPA’s previous releases approved disinfectants for “coronaviruses” but this is the first tested on the new pandemic coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 which causes Covid-19 worldwide this year.

WASHINGTON (July 6, 2020) — Throughout the COVID-19 public health emergency, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has worked to provide the American public with information about how to safely and effectively kill the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, on surfaces. Last week, EPA approved two products, Lysol Disinfectant Spray (EPA Reg No. 777-99) and Lysol Disinfectant Max Cover Mist (EPA Reg No. 777-127), based on laboratory testing that shows the products are effective against SARS-CoV-2.

“This week, EPA updated the entries for two products on List N to show they have now been tested directly against SARS-CoV-2. These are the first List N products for which the agency has reviewed laboratory testing data and approved label claims against SARS-CoV-2. EPA expects to approve such claims for additional List N products in the coming weeks.

“All products on EPA’s List N meet the agency’s criteria for effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2. When using an EPA-registered disinfectant, follow the label directions for safe, effective use. Make sure to follow the contact time, which is the amount of time the surface should be visibly wet. Read the agency’s infographic on how to use these products.

Complete news release at source link above

Anytime you’re swept away in thoughts about the past or future, notice that your mind has drifted off and gently bring your attention back to the present moment by focusing on an anchor such as your breath, a specific part of your body, or sounds. ” >I Am Here Now: A Creative Mindfulness Guide and Journal

>DrumSoul Meditation and Mindfulness

Texas Doctors Create Coronavirus Activity Risk Guide: ‘The Public Needs More Directed Guidance’ – CBS Dallas / Fort Worth

The Texas Medical Association put together a guide to help people navigate the pandemic with a 1-9 scale that measures the risk from low to high.

Read full story at Source: >Texas Doctors Create Coronavirus Activity Risk Guide: ‘The Public Needs More Directed Guidance’ – CBS Dallas / Fort Worth

>PDF Guide Chart

“A group of Texas doctors have created a guide to help people measure the risk of COVID-19 from nearly 40 daily activities.  the guide focused on 37 activities covering everything from hugs and handshakes to attending stadium-sized events. They are ranked as a guide to help people decide which ones elevate the danger of contracting COVID-19.

“The lowest risk on the 1-9 scale comes from opening mail which some people worry will carry the virus. Grocery shopping, restaurant take out and activities like jogging, golf and tennis are all considered low risk. But hair salons, dine in restaurants, air travel, fitness centers and even hugs or handshakes are ranked as moderately high risk or above. Engaging in contact sports and visiting a movie theater are also identified as a lot less safe than sitting in a doctors waiting room or swimming in a public pool.

Continue with full story at source link above

The Pandemic Is Pushing Scientists To Rethink How They Read Research Papers – NPR

>Factcheck – A Guide to Our Coronavirus Coverage

>Guide to Online Health Information 16 minute learning activity

>Snopes Factchecking Medical Section

>Newsguard COVID-19 Misinformation Resources

>Health Feedback Scientists Sorting Fact from Fiction

>Patient Advisor posts tag: Misinformation

“The coronavirus pandemic has posed a special challenge for scientists: Figuring out how to make sense of a flood of scientific papers from labs and scientists unfamiliar to them.

Read full story at source: >The Pandemic Is Pushing Scientists To Rethink How They Read Research Papers

“More than 6,000 coronavirus-related preprints from researchers around the world have been posted since the pandemic began, without the usual peer review as a quality check. Some are poor quality, while others, including papers from China from early in the course of the epidemic, contain vital information.

It takes a large investment of attention and effort to really dig deeply into a manuscript to scrutinize the methods, the claims and the relationship between the methods and the claims

“In the case of the hydroxychloroquine study… the reported results had veered significantly from their previously stated experimental plan. “Those struck me as a lot of major red flags…It probably took me something between 15 minutes and 30 minutes to come to the conclusion that this paper wasn’t worth the time of day. Sure enough, the promise of hydroxychloroquine as a COVID-19 treatment eventually crumbled, as several larger studies failed to show any benefit.

One way researchers are working to overcome bias is by coming together to form international research teams... Motivated by a desire to address “a common threat to humanity”

Read full story at source link above.

Coronavirus can float in air — and experts say WHO and CDC should tell people that | KTLA

>NPR 10 minute podcast: Scientists Debate How Coronavirus Spreads, Experts Push For Mask Mandate

>The Scientists Debate: Is COVID-19 transmitted by airborne aerosols?

>Major News Outlets: Is COVID Airborne? 239 Scientists Say Evidence Shows It Is, Urge WHO, CDC To Alter Recommendations

“Most public health organizations, including the World Health Organization, do not recognize airborne transmission except for aerosol-generating procedures performed in healthcare settings. Hand washing and social distancing are appropriate, but in our view, insufficient to provide protection from virus-carrying respiratory microdroplets released into the air by infected people,”

‘They don’t want to talk about airborne transmission because that is going to make people afraid’

Read full story at Source: >Coronavirus can float in air — and experts say WHO and CDC should tell people that | KTLA

“Studies by the signatories and other scientists have demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt that viruses are released during exhalation, talking, and coughing in microdroplets small enough to remain aloft in air and pose a risk of exposure at distances beyond 1 to 2 meters (yards) from an infected individual,”

“For example, at typical indoor air velocities, a 5 nanometre droplet will travel tens of meters, much greater than the scale of a typical room, while settling from a height of 1.5 metres (about five feet) to the floor.” What’s not clearly understood is how important droplet size is to coronavirus transmission,

“A lot of people crowded close together indoors where it is poorly ventilated — that is what drives the pandemic,” … A loud bar, where people must raise their voices to be heard, is a perfect storm of close contact, poor air circulation and people generating a lot of virus-carrying particles by talking, laughing and shouting.

Advice to avoid coronavirus transmission:

“I am very much concerned about the general public and schools and ventilation in school buildings and in dorms on college campuses and in bars and in churches and where people sing and where people congregate,” 

• Provide sufficient and effective ventilation (supply clean outdoor air, minimize recirculating air) particularly in public buildings, workplace environments, schools, hospitals and age care homes.

• Supplement general ventilation with airborne infection controls such as local exhaust, high efficiency air filtration, and germicidal ultraviolet lights. (These would be placed high up in the ceiling to avoid damage to people’s eyes and skin)

• Avoid overcrowding, particularly in public transport and public buildings.

“Such measures are practical and often can be easily implemented; many are not costly, For example, simple steps such as opening both doors and windows can dramatically increase air flow rates in many buildings…In buildings, carbon dioxide monitors can help managers know if the air is being refreshed properly.

“In a car, open windows and make sure the air conditioning or heat is not recirculated but set to include outside air.

Continue reading full story at source link above.

A User’s Guide To Masks: What Types Offer The Best Protection? : Goats and Soda : NPR

They’re made of cotton. Or polyester. Or paper. Or polypropylene. Here’s what researchers say about the effectiveness of the different types of face masks during this pandemic.

>Widespread Use Of Face Masks Could Save Tens Of Thousands Of Lives, Models Project

>Fabric Masks Need 3 Specific Layers to Effectively Block Coronavirus, WHO Says

>Visualization shows exactly how face masks stop COVID-19 transmission

Read full story at source: >A User’s Guide To Masks: What Types Offer The Best Protection? : Goats and Soda : NPR

“Face masks can also offer the wearer some protection — though how much varies greatly, depending on the type of mask. No mask will offer full protection, and they should not be viewed as a replacement for physical distancing of at least 6 feet from others, frequent hand-washing and avoiding crowds. When you combine masks with those measures, they can make a big difference.

“…consider the fabric itself. The tightness of the weave is really important. … To check your fabric, hold it up to a light: If you can easily see the outline of the individual fibers, it’s not going to make a great filter. Researchers say a thick 100% cotton weave is a good bet. That’s because at the microscopic level, the natural fibers in cotton tend to have more three-dimensional structure than synthetic fibers, which are smoother…That 3D structure can create more roadblocks that can stop an incoming particle

“Think multiple layers. Several studies have found that masks made of multiple layers are more effective at blocking small particles. A good option: a mask made of two layers of a thick-weave fabric with a built-in pocket where you can place a filter...The best bet for the material to slip in as a filter is polypropylene, which is derived from plastic.. “If you go to Walmart, you look for Oly-fun, which is the brand name of that fabric. It’s also called spunbond

“polypropylene is great as a physical filter but has another benefit: It holds an electrostatic charge. In other words, it uses the power of static electricity. Think of the static cling that can happen when you rub two pieces of fabric together, …That’s basically what’s happening with this fabric: That “cling” effect traps incoming — and outgoing — droplets. “That’s what you want — the cling is what’s important…And unlike other materials, polypropylene keeps its electrostatic charge in the humidity created when you breathe out

“Avoid masks with exhalation valves. Some cloth and disposable masks come with an exhalation valve at the front. The valve makes it easier to breathe out, but it also releases unfiltered air, so it doesn’t protect others if you’re contagious. And protecting others is the primary reason to wear a mask.

Continue reading much more of full story at link above.

 

Do probiotics actually do anything? – 60 Minutes – CBS News

microbiomesnapshot0.jpg

Probiotics, manufactured mixtures of “good bacteria” that help digest food, have become a growing multibillion-dollar industry. But do they work?

13 Minute newscast and Full story at Source: >Do probiotics actually do anything? – 60 Minutes – CBS News

“There is an invisible universe hidden inside your body, it’s called the gut microbiome — a vast array of trillions of intestinal bacteria, hundreds of different species. They help digest your food in exchange for a warm, safe place to live. And we are only now starting to discover the gut microbiome plays a much larger role in our lives than we ever imagined.

“Some of those bacteria found inside us are replicated in commercially manufactured mixtures called “probiotics.” You see them on grocery and pharmacy shelves, and they’re recommended by your friends and often, by doctors like me.

“But do probiotics actually do anything?  To find out, first you need to know about the gut microbiome. (Continue at video and source link above)

“Right now, the microbiome is an area of hot research. Doctors are already treating illness by manipulating gut bacteria. A potentially life-threatening infection of the colon called C. Diff. has been successfully treated by moving bacteria from the gut of a healthy person to the gut of somebody who’s sick.

“And millions of people are trying to improve their microbiomes themselves using probiotics, so-called “good bacteria.” But here’s the problem: there’s a lot of conflict among scientists about whether probiotics provide any benefit at all.

“Dr. Hibberd has reviewed hundreds of studies in the medical literature about probiotics. She has also done her own studies and told us there’s not enough high quality research to recommend off-the-shelf probiotics for the medical problems for which they’re commonly used. 

Dr. Patricia Hibberd: The whole idea that maybe throwing in good bacteria that we would take by mouth that hopefully would land in the right places in the GI tract and work with the immune system. We just don’t know how to do any of that.

“Restoring that balance of bacteria in the gut microbiome is just one goal touted by makers of probiotics, a $50 billion global industry sold to us in capsules, popsicles, cereal, tea and some yogurt. And we’re told probiotics can even help your dog.

“One cause of confusion may be the placebo effect: some people using probiotics may feel better because they expect to feel better. And figuring out what probiotics do inside the gut is complicated. One reason is that each person’s microbiome is unique, so the same probiotic may have different effects on different people

“The researchers collected thousands of samples from a small group of adult volunteers who were given probiotics. Eran Segal: We’ve actually looked across the entire gastrointestinal tract at places where nobody has looked before. The volunteers all underwent multiple endoscopies and colonoscopies. ..so the results were actually very striking so what we’re seeing is that half the people take the probiotics and the probiotics, as they go in, they just go out and they don’t populate the gut.

“The researchers also studied a treatment commonly recommended by doctors, giving probiotics to help restore the balance of gut bacteria wiped out by antibiotics. Eran Segal: We found that the probiotics actually delayed the restoration of the bacteria of those individuals to what they had before as compared to individuals who took antibiotics and then did nothing.

“Despite disagreement about how or whether today’s probiotics work, every scientist we spoke with was hopeful about the possibility of improving health by manipulating the microbiome. Last year, Dr. Gordon’s team reported that a special supplemental mixture of nutrients containing chickpeas, soy, bananas and peanuts can repair the damaged microbiome of malnourished infants.

(See much more of full story and video at source link above)

A Nation Of Magical Thinkers | Blog For Iowa

I first heard the term “magical thinking” on ‘What you need to know” ABC news daily series yesterday from Dr. Jenifer Ashton. The term is a medical term in psychology to describe illogical thought patterns which ignores new evidence that challenges current non-scientific theories that are really beliefs. — DH

Full story at Source: >A Nation Of Magical Thinkers | Blog For Iowa

“COVID-19 has revealed our societal failure to understand what evidence is and to respect how it works. National and local political leaders have made decisions that ignored the evidence. Members of the general public have proved slow to accept the evidence. Measures adopted to help flatten the curve have been met with virulent protests, despite the evidence that they are working.”

“We have become a nation of magical thinkers, making decisions based on what we hope is the case and whom we want to believe.  When confronted with opposing evidence, we do not engage with it. We dismiss it and stick a label on it: “fake,” “phony,” “biased,” etc. And then we mistake that label for evidence.”

 

COVID-19 Contact Tracing | CDC

>After COVID-19 Contact Tracing Comes Quarantine. Here’s How That Works : Shots – Health News : NPR

Contact tracing is key to slowing the spread of COVID-19 and helps keep you, your family, and your community safe.

Full CDC site on contact tracing at Source: >COVID-19 Contact Tracing | CDC

“Contact tracing is used by health departments to prevent the spread of infectious disease. In general, contact tracing involves identifying people who have an infectious disease (cases) and people who they came in contact with (contacts) and working with them to interrupt disease spread. This includes asking people with COVID-19 to >isolate and their contacts to >quarantine at home voluntarily.

“To prevent the further spread of disease, people who had contact with someone with COVID-19 are encouraged to stay home and maintain social distance (at least 6 feet) from others until 14 days after their last exposure to a person with COVID-19. Contacts should monitor themselves by checking their temperature twice daily and watching for symptoms of COVID-19.

If you are diagnosed with COVID-19, a public health worker may call you to check-in on your health, discuss who you’ve been in contact with, and ask where you spent time while you may have been infectious and able to spread COVID-19 to others. You will also be asked to stay at home and >self-isolate, if you are not doing so already.

Continue at CDC source link above for full details.

Parties — Not Protests — Are Causing Spikes In Coronavirus : Coronavirus Live Updates : NPR

Erika Lautenbach, director of the Whatcom County Health Department in Washington state, says protests against police violence aren’t among the catalysts for the spread of COVID-19.

4 Minute podcast and full story at Source: >Parties — Not Protests — Are Causing Spikes In Coronavirus : Coronavirus Live Updates : NPR

As the U.S. begins to open back up, coronavirus clusters — where multiple people contract COVID-19 at the same event or location are popping up all over the country. And despite drawing massive crowds, protests against police violence and racial injustice in Washington state weren’t among those clusters.

“We did have a rally in Bellingham, which is our county seat, and there was also a protest, and we have not been able to connect a single case to that rally or to the protest, and what we’re finding is in large part that’s due to the use of masks

14 cases were associated with a party of 100 to 150 people in early June. Subsequently, 15 more cases were associated with the original 14. So that one event spread to 29 people and 31 related employers,

“We’re finding that the social events and gatherings, these parties where people aren’t wearing masks, are our primary source of infection, …And then the secondary source of infection is workplace settings

“The concern is that because these younger people are having more mild symptoms, they are going to work sick, they are visiting with their parents and grandparents sick and they’re continuing to go to social events where they expose more and more people

New amendment? Right to selfish ignorance: Arizonans see big jump in coronavirus cases, but don’t see reason to wear masks

Arizonans see big jump in coronavirus cases, but don’t see reason to wear masks

View video news report and full story at Source: >Arizona seeing big jump in coronavirus cases – CNN

“Tempe, Arizona (CNN) Walking along the streets this week in Tempe, Arizona, it was rare to see anyone wearing a mask. Patrons at a bar packed the entire space, as if the pandemic had suddenly dissipated. This despite the news that the state is one of the growing coronavirus hotspots in the country.

“The Arizona Department of Health Sciences on Friday announced there were 3,246 new Covid-19 cases, a record number reported on one day.
Arizona was one of the first states to reopen but the impact of the virus is everywhere in Tempe as some businesses are still shut down.

“When asked why he wasn’t wearing a mask, he replied, “I think masks are good, but they act as a placebo. I have family personally lost to coronavirus, so like, I should be wearing a mask, but not when I’m out with my friends.”

“Please keep yourself and your family safe. Always wear a mask in public even if you do not feel sick. Maintain physical distancing. Let’s work together to slow the spread of COVID-19. #MaskUpAZ,” the Arizona Department of Health Sciences said in a tweet on Friday. Phoenix has ordered residents to wear masks, one of more than a dozen cities across the state to announce local mask ordinances.

“Alarmed by the rapid increase in cases, more than 3,000 doctors and nurses sent a letter to Gov. Doug Ducey this week urging him to mandate masks. Ducey said he would not order a state mandate, instead leaving it up to local governments.

“To tell the whole world that basically I’m a social Darwinist if you die, I don’t care, I just want my beer and burger is, is really … I mean even kindergarteners have more empathy for other people.”

Big WHO Mixup: Asymptomatic Vs Presymptomatic: How The Virus Spreads : NPR

“Scientists at the World Health Organization were having a virtual press conference, a normal thing they do, just giving updates on the virus and how it’s moving around the world. And then something kind of confusing happens.

10 minute podcast and read full transcript of podcast at Source: >Asymptomatic Vs Presymptomatic: How The Virus Spreads : Short Wave : NPR

“Maria Van Kerkhove, who’s one of WHO’s top epidemiologists…

“listening to Van Kerkhove, you’d think – well, why did we lock down? Why do we wear masks? She left listeners with the impression that anyone without symptoms had a low chance of spreading the virus. And that’s wrong. We know – and there’s documented evidence for this – that the virus can be spread by people without symptoms.

“So this statement was reported on by news outlets. You know, the WHO is a major global health organization. What they say matters. And that scientist, Maria Van Kerkhove had to kind of walk this back.

“There was a lot of reaction and pressure from researchers and the public. People were saying that it was confusing at best or actually wrong at worst.

this mix-up with the WHO was partly about a distinction between asymptomatic people and what scientists are calling pre-symptomatic people.

“Asymptomatic, which is the group that Van Kerkhove was referring to, these are coronavirus carriers who are infected but they never end up showing any symptoms. They feel fine the whole time. And then there’s another group called pre-symptomatic. And these are people who’ve been infected. They haven’t gotten sick yet, but they will. And they can definitely spread the virus, we think, up to three days before they start showing symptoms. There’s plenty of evidence for this.

“But here’s the catch. You can’t tell if someone is asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic until one of them starts showing symptoms. And even if there are asymptomatic people out there that seem to be transmitting the virus less, there are documented cases where it’s happened. So what Van Kerkhove says she meant to say is that she has not seen evidence that people who are truly asymptomatic are out there effectively spreading the virus to a lot of other people.

“if you’re not actively sick, if you’re not running your nose everywhere – spreading coronavirus seems to require situations where people are hanging out really close together, mostly indoors, and doing things that project their voice and breath and spread respiratory droplets. So it’s situations like singing in a choir or panting during a dance class at the gym or shouting to be heard in a nightclub. These are all activities that have reportedly led to virus transmission.

 

Coronavirus Lockdowns Saved Millions Of Lives, Journal ‘Nature’ Reports : NPR

“When it comes to controlling the spread of the coronavirus, stay-at-home orders work. Two new studies published in the journal Nature say millions of lives have been saved worldwide.

Listen to 3 minute podcast and read full story at Source: >Coronavirus Lockdowns Saved Millions Of Lives, Journal ‘Nature’ Reports : NPR

“Samir Bhatt from Imperial College London, who worked on one of the papers published in Nature. His team analyzed infection and death rates across 11 European nations through early May. They estimate that 3 million more people in those countries would’ve died if lockdowns had not been put in place.

“Nature also just published a separate study from the Global Policy Lab at the University of California, Berkeley. That study analyzed lockdowns in China, South Korea, Iran, France, Italy and the United States. It found that the lockdowns in those six countries averted 62 million cases. In the U.S., for example, there were 360,000 cases by early April. Without lockdowns and other interventions, the researchers at Berkeley calculate that the U.S. would’ve had 14 times that number by April 6. Solomon Hsiang from Berkeley says these unprecedented shelter-in-place orders came at an extreme cost. And when governments ordered them, it was unclear exactly how great the social benefits would be.

Bhatt says this pandemic is far from over. And as much as people want to get back to normal, he cautions that people need to understand how much of a positive impact the lockdown measures have been having. 

Unusual Coronavirus Symptoms: Diarrhea, COVID Toes and others – AARP


Unexpected COVID-19 infection symptoms include lesions on patients’ hands and feet, nausea, diarrhea, loss of smell, blood clots and confusion.

Full story and much more detail of below excerpts at Source: >Unusual Coronavirus Symptoms: Diarrhea, COVID Toes

“Fever, cough and shortness of breath are not the only warning signs of a coronavirus infection, even if they are the most common. In recent weeks a growing number of doctors have documented a handful of otherwise unexpected symptoms in patients with COVID-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus.

“Some are reporting red or purple lesions on patients’ hands and feet; others are treating people with diarrhea and severe appetite loss. There are also patients who have lost their sense of taste and smell. These symptoms, strange as they may seem, reinforce what experts around the world have come to realize in recent weeks: The coronavirus is capable of causing more than a respiratory illness; it can launch a full-body attack.

It takes a while for the full range of symptoms to kind of be known” when you’re dealing with a new virus… At the start of the U.S. outbreak, the focus was primarily on treating the sickest patients, many of whom experienced classic respiratory symptoms and needed help breathing. “And then, as time went on and people saw more cases, they started to recognize some of the things that are a bit less typical,” Winston says.

Here are some uncommon signs of COVID-19 that fall outside the hallmark symptoms.” (Go to the source above for detail of these symptoms)

What We Can Learn Today From An Ebola Outbreak : NPR


“It sounds like a movie plot: police discover the body of a young man who’s been murdered. The body tests positive for a deadly infectious disease. Authorities trace the killing to a gang. They race to find the gang members, who may also be incubating the virus. This week on Hidden Brain, we revisit our 2016 story about disease, panic, and how a public health team used psychology to confront an epidemic.

“This scenario actually unfolded in the West African nation of Liberia in 2015. And what followed was a truly unconventional effort by epidemiologists to stop a new Ebola outbreak. It was all done in an effort to overcome what can be the biggest obstacle in public health: a severe lack of trust.

26 min podcast and read more at Source: >What We Can Learn Today From An Ebola Outbreak : NPR

Wednesday, April 29th LIVE Virtual Event Via ZOOM: Family Communication Dynamics During Times of Stress | Brain Injury Alliance of Arizona


“Wednesday, April 29th 2-3PM MST LIVE Virtual Event Via ZOOM

“Family Communication Dynamics During Times of Stress

“Communication is key for survival in any situation and will be critically important in the family unit in after quarantine as we adjust to a world of uncertainty.  How can families who have been living under extreme stress and uncertainty work together as a team to move forward and thrive?  Let’s discuss how we can we discuss important, but potentially “loaded” topics like money, safety, and appropriately express our needs within the family unit.

“Joyce Marter, LCPC, is a renowned psychotherapist, entrepreneur, national speaker, blogger and media contributor. Since 1998, Marter has been providing therapy for individuals, couples and families dealing with a variety of issues related to mental health, addiction, relationships and personal/ professional development. She is an expert in self-esteem, mindfulness, conflict resolution, career and relationship issues and the psychology of money.

Register at Source: >Mental Wellness of Families of Essential Employees | Brain Injury Alliance of Arizona

The Best Online Doctors for Telehealth in 2020

 

 

SteadyMD is $1200/year out of pocket but may work for expensive chronic conditions. I have not checked to see if insurance covers this service now.

For other choices, select the medical issue type and service you can afford from the below list:
>Best Online Doctors Based on In-Depth Reviews

>10 Best Online Doctor & Medical Services for 2020

See all the reviews at Source: >The Best Online Doctors for Telehealth in 2020 | RAVE Reviews

“There are a lot of contenders for the best online doctors and primary care physicians, but we’ve found a clear winner: SteadyMD.Whether you need comprehensive care for a long-term condition or urgent care for a sudden illness, SteadyMD can easily connect you with a board-certified physician. This subscription-based program is setting the standard for online physician services.

>SteadyMD is very possibly the Rolls Royce of current online physician services providing personalized, long-term primary care with a board certified physician. This service is not the standard telehealth model which focuses on urgent care treating a limited number of health conditions. SteadyMD provides comprehensive care for chronic conditions (diabetes, heart disease, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc.) as well urgent care issues (cold/flu, skin conditions, rashes, allergies, etc.).

“SteadyMD also conducts labs and screenings for cancer, anemia, cardiovascular, hormones, erectile dysfunction, etc. SteadyMD doctors can also submit prescriptions to your local pharmacy (with the exemption of narcotics and/or other controlled pharmaceuticals). Your SteadyMD is able to refer you to specialists when needed.

Sounds a lot like having a personal physician, doesn’t it? That’s because it is, but with far greater access.

“When you join SteadyMD (the monthly individual plan is $99/month and family plan is $169), you’re assigned a physician who best suits your individual needs and personal lifestyle.  Because your SteadyMD physician has less than 600 or so patients, you’re guaranteed more time in consultation with your physician (up to an hour per visit, as frequently as you need) and who is available to you through unlimited calls, video chats, and text messages. Appointments are required but you can see your doctor the same day (except for the initial appointment which may take 1-2 days).

“Your doctor can also keep track of your health through health monitoring devices such as Fitbit, MyFitnessPal or another health app. Information from devices which measures heart rate, blood sugar, blood pressure, etc., can also be transmitted to your SteadyMD physician. Should you require emergency care or hospitalization, your SteadyMD physician is available to oversee your care, consult with specialists, and monitor your condition.

>What is SteadyMD?

Visit site: https://www.steadymd.com