Tag Archives: Breathing

Older Adults and Covid-19 | CDC

“Among adults, the risk for severe illness from COVID-19 increases with age, with older adults at highest risk. Severe illness means that the person with COVID-19 may require hospitalization, intensive care, or a ventilator to help them breathe, or they may even die.

Full story at Source: >Older Adults | CDC

“your risk of getting severely ill from COVID-19 increases as you get older. In fact, 8 out of 10 COVID-19-related deaths reported in the United States have been among adults aged 65 years and older.

“The best way to protect yourself and to help reduce the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19 is to:

“If you start feeling sick and think you may have COVID-19, get in touch with your healthcare provider within 24 hours

the more people you interact with, the more closely you interact with them, and the longer that interaction, the higher your risk of getting and spreading COVID-19.

  • If you decide to engage in public activities, continue to protect yourself by practicing everyday preventive actions.
  • Keep these items on hand and use them when venturing out: a cloth face covering, tissues, and a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol, if possible.
  • If possible, avoid others who are not wearing cloth face coverings or ask others around you to wear cloth face coverings.

For full extensive details continue at CDC site source link above

New Site for Healing Music, Mindfulness and Non-violence

Hello! I modified my drumming site for the times.  Posts related to meditation and mindfulness will be in there. Go to the below link to follow:

See: >DrumSoul Nonviolent Communication

Encouraging Nonviolent Communication with the Arts and Mindfulness
“There is wisdom in every moment, if we are looking and if we are not looking, there is illusion”
“The problem with violence is that it becomes the problem”
— DH



COVID-19 Is Likely Airborne, Aerosol Scientist Says

Something has been bothering Kimberly Prather, PhD: everything she reads about COVID-19 points to a pathogen that travels through the air.

>Reducing transmission of Coronavirus, AAAS Science
(Sars-CoV-2 is the latest Coronavirus)

Full story of excerpts below on Medscape at Source: >COVID-19 Is Likely Airborne, Aerosol Scientist Says

A lot of the evidence has been pointing to aerosol transmission of respiratory viruses,”  Influenza can be passed through the air, as can the virus that causes SARS. “This particular virus, a lot of evidence is mounting. ..she’s been alarmed not to see the CDC or WHO come out with a strong statement that people could catch COVID-19 by breathing it in.

“…masks can play a major role in stopping that transmission. When you sing, the amount of droplets and aerosol that come out is really, in some respects, scary…When a person coughs or sneezes, they generate large droplets laden with viral particles. Those droplets are heavy and fall to the ground or a nearby surface pretty quickly, within seconds. They are still somewhat wet and sticky when they land.

“That’s where the 6-foot rule comes in… It’s based on studies of respiratory droplets conducted in the 1930s. Aerosols…can accumulate, remain infectious in indoor air for hours, and be easily inhaled deeply into the lungs this is a scary thing to be telling people. “I hesitate. I don’t want to freak people out.” She also believes knowledge is power.

“I have to say something because this could actually protect people,” she says. What airborne transmission means, she says, is that 6 feet is not far enough to stand apart. It also means we should probably be wearing masks a lot more often.

Pulse Oximeter, COVID-19 Shortness of Breath – Consumer Reports – Are the consumer ones reliable for medical use?

>Coronavirus FAQS: What’s A Pulse Oximeter? Is It A Good Idea To Buy One? (NPR)

“Focus on the Trend, Not Specific Numbers. There is little reason for the average, healthy person to have a pulse oximeter at home, the experts said. But there are some aspects of COVID-19 that could make one useful to people who have received a COVID-19 diagnosis or who have symptoms of the disease, says Elissa Perkins, M.D., associate professor of emergency medicine at Boston Medical Center, who is treating COVID-19 patients there. That’s because sometimes people with the disease have low oxygen levels even before they have shortness of breath, she says. “In COVID-19 patients, we often see that they look comfortable, but their oxygen saturation is significantly worse than normal.”

“For that reason, she says, a home pulse oximeter “could provide valuable additional information about their disease.” In general, experts CR spoke with say they tend to start to worry when oxygen saturation levels in an otherwise healthy adult get under 92 percent. But Perkins and other experts CR spoke with emphasized that people who use a home pulse oximeter should not fixate on specific numbers. Instead use the readings on the pulse oximeter to get a general sense of oxygen levels and if they are trending up or down.

“And keep in mind several caveats.To start, home pulse oximeters are not as accurate as those used in medical settings. Most, in fact, are not intended for medical use and have not been put through the same rigorous testing and review as medical-grade oximeters…

Michael S. Lipnick, M.D., assistant professor of anesthesia and critical care at the University of California, San Francisco, who has tested home pulse oximeters, says that while they may not be accurate enough to get FDA approval, they could “be used to monitor trends,” particularly at oxygen saturation levels above 90 percent. But even then, experts say that you should interpret the readings cautiously and not make any decisions based on them without consulting a physician.

“Even a pulse oximeter designated for medical use must be interpreted thoughtfully in the context of other physical signs, patient reported symptoms, and health history,” says Schultheis, who has studied pulse oximeters. “Otherwise, the information may be misleading.”

Albert A. Rizzo, M.D., chief medical officer of the American Lung Association, says that for people at home with symptoms of COVID-19, “patients really should be concentrating on things like their fever, their respiratory rate, pulse, cough, and if they’re getting out of breath doing the normal things they do every day.” He adds, “The pulse ox would be one more symptom or sign to add to those other things that may help make a decision about whether you should go to the hospital.

“Further, Rizzo says, fixating on pulse oximeter readings “may give you a false sense of security.” That’s because while in some cases oximeters may indeed identify lung problems before you have trouble breathing, it can also go the other way: You could be struggling to breathe but not show low oxygen saturation levels on your device.

“Interpreting results can also be challenging, Rizzo says.For example, he says pulse oximeter readings can vary depending on your age and medical history. So, ideally, you would know your baseline level for the device’s reading to be most meaningful. Other factors can also interfere with how well a pulse oximeter works, says Georgine Nanos, M.D., a family physician and CEO of the Kind Health Group, a telemedicine service. That includes moving while taking the measurement, wearing nail polish, or having darker skin or unusually cold fingers (because of conditions such as Raynaud’s syndrome, a disorder that causes blood vessels to spasm, typically in the fingers or toes, and limits blood flow to those areas).“

“Alternatives May Be Less Accurate. A number of wearable wellness devices have built-in pulse oximeters, but they are likely to be even less accurate than home pulse oximeters.

“Other Ways to Monitor Your Breathing. The experts CR spoke with emphasized that while a home pulse oximeter might be helpful to some people with COVID-19 or symptoms of the disease, the devices aren’t essential. For one thing, Lipnick at UCSF says you can get a sense of breathing without any kind of medical device. For example, you can measure your respiratory rate by monitoring how many breaths you take in 30 seconds, and then multiply that by two to get your breaths per minute. And you can measure your heart rate, or pulse, by putting two fingers on the inside of your wrist, counting the beats for 15 seconds, and then multiplying by four to get your heart rate per minute. While baseline heart and respiratory rates vary from person to person, let your healthcare provider know if you notice a sharp rise in your respiratory rate or heart rate.

“Other Ways to Monitor Your Breathing. The experts CR spoke with emphasized that while a home pulse oximeter might be helpful to some people with COVID-19 or symptoms of the disease, the devices aren’t essential. For one thing, Lipnick at UCSF says you can get a sense of breathing without any kind of medical device. For example, you can measure your respiratory rate by monitoring how many breaths you take in 30 seconds, and then multiply that by two to get your breaths per minute. And you can measure your heart rate, or pulse, by putting two fingers on the inside of your wrist, counting the beats for 15 seconds, and then multiplying by four to get your heart rate per minute. While baseline heart and respiratory rates vary from person to person, let your healthcare provider know if you notice a sharp rise in your respiratory rate or heart rate.

“If you have a peak flow meter (found at medical supplies) at home, as many people with asthma do, you could also use that, says Rizzo at the American Lung Association. These devices, which look like a cross between a kazoo and a thermometer, measure how fast air comes out of the lungs when you exhale forcefully into it after taking a deep breath. “People with asthma and COVID-19 symptoms who have a peak flow meter and know their baseline level, could use the device to help determine if their lung function is dropping,” Rizzo says.

“But the most important thing to do is to carefully monitor your symptoms, especially coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and fever, and to inform your healthcare provider about any worsening. If you develop any of these emergency warning signs for COVID-19, get immediate medical help, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: trouble breathing, persistent pain or pressure in the chest, bluish lips or face, or new confusion or fainting. If you call 911 or the hospital, let the operator know you may have COVID-19 so that responders can prepare appropriately.

Read full story at Source: >Pulse Oximeter & COVID-19 Shortness of Breath – Consumer Reports

CDC adds six new possible coronavirus symptoms – CBS News

“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has added six new symptoms to its list of possible signs of the coronavirus. Previously, the CDC only noted fever, cough and shortness of breath as symptoms. The agency has updated its list to include: chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat and new loss of taste or smell. Shortness of breath has also been changed to “shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.”

>Updated Symptoms of Coronavirus (CDC)

“Any of the now nine symptoms may appear anywhere from 2-14 days after exposure to the virus, according to the agency. The CDC recommends that people seek medical attention immediately if they develop any of these emergency warning signs: Trouble breathing ,Persistent pain or pressure in the chest, New confusion or inability to arouse, Bluish lips or face”

“Dr. William Jaquis, president of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) told CBS News in March that the three most common symptoms were fever, a dry cough and shortness of breath.

“According to the World Health Organization, the most common symptoms are fever, dry cough, and tiredness.

Full story at Source: >CDC adds six new possible coronavirus symptoms – CBS News

Not for the faint of heart: The science of how the coronavirus kills. Clinicians trace a ferocious rampage through the body, from brain to toes | Science | AAAS

“As the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 surges past 2.2 million globally and deaths surpass 150,000, clinicians and pathologists are struggling to understand the damage wrought by the coronavirus as it tears through the body.

“[The disease] can attack almost anything in the body with devastating consequences,” says cardiologist Harlan Krumholz of Yale University and Yale-New Haven Hospital, who is leading multiple efforts to gather clinical data on COVID-19. “Its ferocity is breathtaking and humbling.

”Understanding the rampage could help the doctors on the front lines treat the fraction of infected people who become desperately and sometimes mysteriously ill…

“Taking a systems approach may be beneficial as we start thinking about therapies,” says Nilam Mangalmurti, a pulmonary intensivist at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania…What follows (below) is a snapshot of the fast-evolving understanding of how the virus attacks cells around the body, especially in the roughly 5% of patients who become critically ill.

“Despite the more than 1000 papers now spilling into journals and onto preprint servers every week, a clear picture is elusive, as the virus acts like no pathogen humanity has ever seen. Without larger, prospective controlled studies that are only now being launched, scientists must pull information from small studies and case reports, often published at warp speed and not yet peer reviewed.

“We need to keep a very open mind as this phenomenon goes forward,” says Nancy Reau, a liver transplant physician who has been treating COVID-19 patients at Rush University Medical Center. “We are still learning.”

Continue reading the full story at Source: >How does coronavirus kill? Clinicians trace a ferocious rampage through the body, from brain to toes | Science | AAAS

Coronavirus breathing technique may help COVID-19 patients breathe better – I tested personally today

>Which breathing techniques help with COVID-19?

So while reading about the below easy technique I had a severe mucus choking attack from mild asthma (I hope…) and decided to give it a test. I give it the green light because I recovered normal breathing in quick time.

A breathing technique said to help people with COVID-19 symptoms is getting praise from “Harry Potter” author J.K. Rowling and CNN broadcaster Chris Cuomo. A British doctor — identified by The Times as Dr. Sarfaraz Munshi from Queen’s Hospital in London — demonstrated the exercise in a YouTube video that’s received almost 2 million views since Friday. In it, he urged patients to begin practicing the technique right at the start of their coronavirus infection or even before any symptoms began.

Here are Munshi’s instructions:

  • Take a deep breath in.
  • At the end of it, hold your breath for five seconds, then release.
  • Do this five times — five breaths total.
  • Next, take a sixth deep breath in, then at the end of it cough strongly — covering your mouth when you do so.
  • The six breaths plus cough at the end represent once cycle. Repeat this cycle twice.

Munshi then instructed patients to lie on their stomach on a bed, taking slightly deeper breaths than normal for the next 10 minutes. “The majority of your lung is on your back, not on your front,” Munshi said in the video. “So by lying on your back, you’re closing off more of the smaller airways and this is not good during the period of infection.”

Read more at Source: >Coronavirus breathing technique may help COVID-19 patients breathe better

Symptoms of Coronavirus Covid-19 to watch for | CDC

Some reports from overseas have been loss of smell and taste preceding other symptoms.
More on the below is found on the >CDC webpage for Coronavirus Symtoms

“Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.

“These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure (based on the incubation period of MERS-CoV viruses).

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

“If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include*:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

“*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.

Source: >Symptoms | CDC

Coronavirus symptoms: Think you have COVID-19? Here’s what to do – CBS News

>Almost half of coronavirus patients have digestive symptoms, study finds

“The first thing to do is match your symptoms to those experienced by COVID-19 patients“,… Fever, a dry cough, and shortness of breath are the three most common symptoms … Headaches, body aches, sore throat and fatigue sometimes occur but are more often associated with the flu … A runny nose rarely occurs with COVID-19, and sneezing is not a symptom of the virus.

“Next, assess the severity of your symptoms. Don’t just rush to the hospital. If you can still breathe reasonably well or your fever responds to over-the-counter remedies like acetaminophen (Tylenol), you should call your family doctor to discuss your best options for care,

“If your symptoms are mild, you can reach out to your primary care physician, and if you feel like you can manage at home, folks are advised to self-quarantine. “Don’t just head to your doctor’s office before calling first. Set up an appointment so they can meet you in the parking lot, give you a face mask, and bring you into the office by a route that will expose the fewest people to illness

.”The official suggestion is that face masks don’t protect you from others,” … “They protect others from you. “If possible, your doctor will test you for the coronavirus. …People who don’t have a primary care doctor should reach out to their local health department for guidance on their symptoms and testing … Local public health officials also should be able to tell you about other options for testing in your area.

“The current turnaround time for a COVID-19 test is two days …At this point, people who don’t have symptoms are not being tested …People who are sick enough to need to go to the hospital — for example, they cannot readily draw breath or feel like they are going to pass out — should either call 911 or visit their closest emergency department …

“Those in high-risk groups — seniors and people with compromised immune systems — also should consider heading to the emergency department, …

“People who are sick at home should monitor their symptoms, get rest and stay hydrated, …The best way to fight coronavirus is to never get infected in the first place. According to experts, that’s best done by frequent hand washing, avoiding people who are sick, and “social distancing,” or avoiding large groups.

Read more at Source: >Coronavirus symptoms: Think you have COVID-19? Here’s what to do – CBS News

Coronavirus symptoms of COVID-19

Got Coronavirus Anxiety? These 5 Tips Can Help Calm Your Fears : Shots – Health News : NPR

Anxiety thrives on uncertainty. And, as the coronavirus spreads, our unanswered questions can make us feel vulnerable or fearful. “Will it come to my community” or “Am I at risk?'”

We’ve got national anxiety at the moment, a kind of shared stress, and we are all in a state of extreme uncertainty,” says Catherine Belling, an associate professor at Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, who studies the role of fear and anxiety in health care.

And here’s a catch-22: The more you stress, the more vulnerable you can become to viruses, because stress can dampen your immune response. But there are steps you can take to push back against the communal anxiety.

See the 5 tips and 3 minute podcast at Source: >Got Coronavirus Anxiety? These 5 Tips Can Help Calm Your Fears : Shots – Health News : NPR

>Three Mindful Ways to Calm an Anxious Mind

>A 23-Minute Anxiety Practice

Coronavirus symptoms compared with flu, common cold, and allergies – Business Insider

“Some symptoms of COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, overlap with those of the common cold, allergies, and the flu. That can make it tricky to diagnose without a test.

“Here are the symptoms associated with COVID-19 and how they compare with symptoms of the common cold, the flu, and allergies:

“The coronavirus primarily affects the lungs and commonly causes a fever, a dry cough, and shortness of breathIf your nose is running, you probably don’t have COVID-19. COVID-19 can be most easily distinguished from colds, allergies, and the flu based on a trifecta of symptoms: fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath. That last symptom is not associated with colds or the flu, though it is common for allergies.

Read more at Source: >Coronavirus symptoms compared with flu, common cold, and allergies – Business Insider

How Your Breath Controls Your Mood and Attention – Mindful

“New research explores the relationship between the pace and intentionality of your breathing, and the brain networks involved in mood, attention, and body awareness.

Slow down, and pay attention to your breath. It’s not merely common-sense advice. It also reflects what meditation, yoga, and other stress-reducing therapies teach: that focusing on the timing and pace of our breath can have positive effects on our body and mind.

A new study in the Journal of Neurophysiology may support this, revealing that several brain regions linked to emotion, attention and body awareness are activated when we pay attention to our breath.

Paced breathing involves consciously inhaling and exhaling according to a set rhythm. For example, you might inhale for 4 counts, exhale for 6, and repeat. Prior research shows that paced breathing exercises can both focus attention and regulate the nervous system. To date, however, we have known little about how this affects brain function in humans.

These findings represent a breakthrough because, for years, we’ve considered the brain stem to be responsible for the process of breathing. This study found that paced breathing also uses neural networks beyond the brain stem that are tied to emotion, attention, and body awareness. By tapping into these networks using the breath, we gain access to a powerful tool for regulating our responses to stress.”

More at Source: >How Your Breath Controls Your Mood and Attention – Mindful